â€”â€“1 Basic Structural Behavior and Design of Low-Rise, Bearing Wall Buildings

â€”â€”â€”-1.1 Basic Structural Behavior of Low-Rise, Bearing Wall Buildings

â€”â€”â€”-1.2 Basic Structural Design of Low-Rise, Masonry Buildings

â€”â€”â€”-2 Materials Used in Masonry Construction

â€”â€”â€”-2.1Â Basic Components of Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-2.2Â Masonry Mortar

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.2.1Â Types of Masonry Mortar

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.2.2Â Characteristics of Different Types of Masonry Mortar

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.2.3Â Cement-Lime Mortar

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.2.4Â Masonry-Cement Mortar

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.2.5Â Mortar-Cement Mortar

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.2.6Â Characteristics of Fresh Mortar

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.2.7Â Note on Cement-Lime Mortars versus Masonry-Cement Mortars

â€”â€”â€”-2.3Â Masonry Grout

â€”â€”â€”-2.4Â General Information on ASTM Specifications for Masonry Units

â€”â€”â€”-2.5Â Clay Masonry Units

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.5.1Â Visual and Serviceability Characteristics of Clay Masonry Units

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.5.2Â Mechanical Characteristics of Clay Masonry Units

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.5.3Â Specifications of Clay Masonry Units

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.5.4Â Other Characteristics of Clay Masonry Units

â€”â€”â€”-2.6 Concrete Masonry Units

â€”â€”â€”-2.7Â Properties of Masonry Assemblages

â€”â€”â€”-2.8Â Masonry Accessory Materials

â€”â€”â€”-2.9Â Design of Masonry Structures Requiring Little Structural Calculation

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”2.9.1Â Examples of Construction Details for Masonry Structures Requiring Little Structural Calculation

â€”â€”â€”-2.10 How to Increase Resistance of Masonry to Water Penetration]

â€”â€”â€”-3.3Â Gravity Loads according to the 2009 IBC

â€”â€”â€”-3.6Â Loading Combinations of the 2009 IBC

â€”â€”â€”-3.7Â Summary of Strength Design Provisions of 2008 MSJC Code

â€”â€”â€”-3.8Â Summary of Allowable-Stress Design Provisions of 2008 MSJC Code

â€”â€“4Â Introduction to MSJC Treatment of Structural Design

â€”â€”â€”-4.1Â Basic Mechanical Behavior of Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-4.2Â Classification of Masonry Elements

â€”â€”â€”-4.3Â Classification of Masonry Elements by Structural Function

â€”â€”â€”-4.4Â Classification of Masonry Elements by Design Intent

â€”â€”â€”-4.5Â Design Approaches for Masonry Elements

â€”â€”â€”-4.6Â How Reinforcement Is Used in Masonry Elements

â€”â€”â€”-4.7Â How This Book Classifi es Masonry Elements

â€”â€“5Â Strength Design of Unreinforced Masonry Elements

â€”â€”â€”-5.1Â Strength Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.1Â Example of Strength Design of a Single-Wythe Panel Wall using Solid Units

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.2Â Example of Strength Design of a Single-Wythe Panel Wall Using Hollow Units

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.3Â Example of Strength Design of a Single-Wythe Panel Wall Using Hollow Units, Face-Shell Bedding Only

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.4Â Example of Strength Design of a Single-Wythe Panel Wall Using Hollow Units, Fully Grouted

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.5Â Strength Checks of One-Way Shear for Unreinforced Panel Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.6Â Overall Comments on Strength Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.7Â Theoretical Derivation of the Strip Method (Hillerborg, 1996)

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.8Â Distribution of Out-of-Plane Load to Vertical and Horizontal Strips of a Single-Wythe Panel Wall

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.1.9Â Distribution of Out-of-Plane Load to Vertical and Horizontal Strips of a Two-Wythe Panel Wall

â€”â€”â€”-5.2Â Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.2.1Â Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.2.2Â Example of Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Wall with Concentric Axial Load

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.2.3Â Example of Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Wall with Eccentric Axial Load

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.2.4Â Example of Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Wall with Eccentric Axial Load Plus Wind

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.2.5Â Comments on the Above Examples for Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.2.6Â Extension of the Above Concepts to Masonry Walls with Openings

â€”â€”â€”-5.3Â Strength Design of Unreinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.3.1Â Basic Behavior of Unreinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.3.2Â Basic Behavior of Unreinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.3.3Â Example of Strength Design of Unreinforced Masonry Shear Wall

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.3.4Â Comments on Behavior and Design of Wall Buildings in General

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.3.5Â Extension to Design of Unreinforced Masonry Shear Walls with Openings

â€”â€”â€”-5.4Â Strength Design of Anchor Bolts

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.4.1Â Behavior and Design of Anchor Bolts Loaded in Tension

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.4.2Â Example of Strength Design of a Single Anchor Loaded in Tension

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.4.3Â Behavior and Design of Anchor Bolts Loaded in Shear

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”5.4.4Â Example of Strength Design of a Single Anchor Loaded in Shear

â€”â€”â€”-5.5Â Required Details for Unreinforced Bearing Walls and Shear Walls

â€”â€“6Â Strength Design of Reinforced Masonry Elements

â€”â€”â€”-6.1Â Strength Design of Reinforced Beams and Lintels

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.1.1Â Steps in Strength Design of Reinforced Beams and Lintels

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.1.2Â Example of Lintel Design According to Strength Provisions

â€”â€”â€”-6.2 Strength Design of Reinforced Curtain Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.2.1Â Background on Curtain Walls

â€”â€”â€”-6.3 Strength Design of Reinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.1Â Introduction to Strength Design of Reinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.2Â Background on Moment-Axial Force Interaction Diagrams by the Strength Approach

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.3Â Background on Strength Interaction Diagrams by Hand

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.4Â Example of Moment-Axial Force Interaction Diagram by the Strength Approach (Hand Calculation)

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.5Â Strength Interaction Diagrams by Spreadsheet

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.6Â Example of Moment-Axial Force Interaction Diagram by the Strength Approach (Spreadsheet Calculation)

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.7Â Example of Strength Design of a Reinforced Curtain Wall

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.8Â Example of Strength Design of Masonry Walls Loaded Out-of-Plane

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.3.9Â Minimum and Maximum Reinforcement Ratios for Out-of-Plane Flexural Design of Masonry Walls by the Strength Approac

â€”â€”â€”-6.4Â Strength Design of Reinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.4.1Â Example of Strength Design of Reinforced Clay Masonry Shear Wall

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.4.2Â Minimum and Maximum Reinforcement Ratios for Flexural Design of Masonry Shear Walls by the Strength Approach

â€”â€”â€”â€”â€”6.4.3Â Additional Comments of the Design of Reinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€”â€”-6.5Â Required Details for Reinforced Bearing Walls and Shear Walls

â€”â€“7 Allowable-Stress Design of Unreinforced Masonry Elements

â€”â€”â€”-7.1 Allowable-Stress Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls

â€”â€”â€”-7.2 Allowable-Stress Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”-7.3 Allowable-Stress Design of Unreinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€”â€”-7.4 Allowable-Stress Design of Anchor Bolts

â€”â€”â€”-7.5 Required Details for Unreinforced Bearing Walls and Shear Walls

â€”â€“8 Allowable-Stress Design of Reinforced Masonry Elements

â€”â€”â€”-8.1 Review: Behavior of Cracked, Transformed Sections

â€”â€”â€”-8.2 Allowable-Stress Design of Reinforced Beams and Lintels

â€”â€”â€”-8.3 Allowable-Stress Design of Curtain Walls

â€”â€”â€”-8.4 Allowable-Stress Design of Reinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”-8.5 Allowable-Stress Design of Reinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€”â€”-8.6 Required Details for Reinforced Bearing Walls and Shear Walls

â€”â€“9 Comparison of Design by the Allowable-Stress Approach versus the Strength Approach

â€”â€”â€”-9.1 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls

â€”â€”â€”-9.2 Comparison of Allowable-Stress Design and Strength Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”-9.3 Comparison of Allowable-Stress Design and Strength Design of Unreinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€”â€”-9.4 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Anchor Bolts

â€”â€”â€”-9.5 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Reinforced Beams and Lintels

â€”â€”â€”-9.6 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Reinforced Curtain Walls

â€”â€”â€”-9.7 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Reinforced Bearing Walls

â€”â€”â€”-9.8 Comparison of Allowable-Stress and Strength Designs for Reinforced Shear Walls

â€”â€“10 Lateral Load Analysis of Shear-Wall Structures

â€”â€”â€”-10.1 Classification of Horizontal Diaphragms as Rigid or Flexible

â€”â€”â€”-10.2 Lateral Load Analysis of Shear-Wall Structures with Rigid Floor Diaphragms

â€”â€”â€”-10.3 Lateral Load Analysis and Design of Shear-Wall Structures with Flexible Floor Diaphragms

â€”â€”â€”-10.4 The Simplest of All Possible Analytical Worlds

â€”â€“11 Design and Detailing of Floor and Roof Diaphragms

â€”â€”â€”-11.1 Introduction to Design of Diaphragms

â€”â€”â€”-11.2 Typical Connection Details for Roof and Floor Diaphragms

â€”â€“12 Strength Design Example: One-Story Building with Reinforced Concrete Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-12.1 Introduction

â€”â€”â€”-12.2 Design Steps for One-Story Building

â€”â€”â€”-12.3 Step 1: Choose Design Criteria

â€”â€”â€”-12.4 Step 2: Design Walls for Gravity plus Out-of-Plane Loads

â€”â€”â€”-12.5 Step 3: Design Lintels

â€”â€”â€”-12.6 Summary So Far

â€”â€”â€”-12.7 Step 4: Conduct Lateral Force Analysis, Design Roof Diaphragm

â€”â€”â€”-12.8 Step 5: Design Wall Segments

â€”â€”â€”-12.9 Step 6: Design and Detail Connections

â€”â€“13 Strength Design Example: Four-Story Building with Clay Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-13.1 Introduction

â€”â€”â€”-13.2 Design Steps for Four-Story Example

â€”â€”â€”-13.3 Step 1: Choose Design Criteria, Specify Materials

â€”â€”â€”-13.4 Step 2: Design Transverse Shear Walls for Gravity plus Earthquake Loads

â€”â€”â€”-13.5 Step 3: Design Exterior Walls for Gravity plus Out-of-Plane Wind

â€”â€”â€”-13.6 Overall Comments on Four-Story Building Example

â€”â€“14 Structural Design of AAC Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-14.1 Introduction to Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC)

â€”â€”â€”-14.2 Applications of AAC

â€”â€”â€”-14.3 Structural Design of AAC Elements

â€”â€”â€”-14.4 Design of Unreinforced Panel Walls of AAC Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-14.5 Design of Unreinforced Bearing Walls of AAC Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-14.6 Design of Unreinforced Shear Walls of AAC Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-14.7 Design of Reinforced Beams and Lintels of AAC Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-14.8 Design of Reinforced Curtain Walls of AAC Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-14.9 Design of Reinforced Bearing Walls of AAC Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-14.10 Design of Reinforced Shear Walls of AAC Masonry

â€”â€”â€”-14.11 Seismic Design of AAC Structures

â€”â€”â€”-14.12 Design Example: Three-Story AAC Shear-Wall Hotel

â€”â€”â€”-14.13 References on AAC

â€”â€”â€”-14.14 Additional References on AAC