Basic Civil Engineering


Traditional Materials

—–1.1 Stones
—–1.2 Bricks
—————Types of Bricks
—————Properties of Bricks
—————Tests on Bricks
—————Classification of Bricks Based on-their Quality
—–1.3 Lime
—————Types of Limes and their Properties
—————Tests on Limestones
—————Uses of Lime
—–1.4 Cement
—————Types of Cement
—————Properties of Ordinary Portland Cement
—————Physical Tests on Cement
—————Uses of Cement
—–1.5 Timber
—————Classification of Timber
—————Properties of Timber
—————Seasoning of Timber
—————Defects in Timber
—————Preservation of Timber
—————Uses of Timber


—–2.1 Sand
—–2.2 Cement Mortar
—–2.3 Lime Mortar
—–2.4 Mud Mortar
—–2.5 Special Mortar
—–2.6 Tests on Mortar


—–3.1 Plain Concrete
—————Functions of Various Ingredients
—————Preparing and Placing of Concrete
—————Curing of Concrete
—————Properties of Concrete
—————Properties of Green Concrete
—————Properties of Hardened Concrete
—————Tests on Concrete
—————Desirable Properties of Concrete
—————Uses of Concrete
—–3.2 Reinforced Cement Concrete (R.C.C.)
—–3.3 Reinforced Brick Concrete (RBC)
—–3.4 Prestressed Concrete (PSC)
—–3.5 Fibre-Reinforced Concrete (FRC)
—–3.6 Cellular Concrete
—–3.7 Ferro-Cement

Metals As Building Materials

—–4.1 Ferrous Metals
—–4.2 Aluminium
—–4.3 Copper

Miscellaneous Building Materials

—–5.1 Glass
—–5.2 Plastics
—–5.3 Bitumen
—–5.4 Asbestos
—–5.5 Paints
—–5.6 Distempers
—–5.7 Varnishes
—–5.8 Solid and Hollow Concrete Blocks
—–5.9 Roofing and Flooring Tiles


Building Planning

—–6.1 Elements of a Building
—–6.2 Basic Requirements of a Building
—–6.3 Planning
—–6.4 Planning Suitable Orientation
—–6.5 Planning for Energy Efficiency
—–6.6 Planning for Suitable Utility
—–6.7 Planning for Meeting Other Requirements


—–7.1 Dimensions of Foundation
—–7.2 Conventional Spread Footings
—–7.3 R.C.C. Footings
—–7.4 Grillage Footing
—–7.5 Arch Foundation
—–7.6 Pile Foundations
—–7.7 Foundations in Black Cotton Soil

Super Structures

—–8.1 Types of Super Structures Based on the Method of Load Transfer
—–8.2 Walls
—–8.3 Stone Masonry
—–8.4 Brick Masonry
—–8.5 Plastering
—–8.6 Pointing
—–8.7 Flooring
—–8.8 Roof
—–8.9 Doors and Windows
—–8.10 Lintels
—–8.11 Stairs

Dampness and Its Prevention

—–9.1 Causes of Dampness
—–9.2 Ill-Effects of Dampness
—–9.3 Requirements of an Ideal Material for Damp Proofing
—–9.4 Materials for Damp Proofing
—–9.5 Methods of Damp Proofing

Cost Effective Construction Techniques In Mass Housing Schemes

—–10.1 Minimum Standards
—–10.2 Approach to Cost Effective Mass Housing Schemes
—–10.3 Cost Effective Construction Techniques


Introduction to Surveying

—–11.1 Object and Uses of Surveying
—–11.2 Primary Divisions in Surveying
—–11.3 Fundamental Principles of Surveying
—–11.4 Classification of Surveying
—–11.5 Plans and Maps
—–11.6 Scales
—–11.7 Types of Graphical Scales
—–11.8 Units of Measurements

Linear Measurements and Chain Surveying

—–12.1 Methods of Linear Measurements
—–12.2 Instruments used in Chaining
—–12.3 Chain Surveying
—–12.4 Ranging
—–12.5 Obstacles in Chaining
—–12.6 Errors in Chaining
—–12.7 Tape Corrections
—–12.8 Conventional Symbols

Compass Surveying

—–13.1 Types of Compass
—–13.2 Method of Using a Compass
—–13.3 Bearing
—–13.4 Whole Circle Bearing and Reduced Bearing
—–13.5 Computation of Angles
—–13.6 Declination and DIP
—–13.7 Local Attraction
—–13.8 Chain and Compass Surveying Field Work

Plane Table Surveying

—–14.1 Plane Table and its Accessories
—–14.2 Working Operations
—–14.3 Methods of Plane Tabling
—–14.4 Errors in Plane Table Surveying
—–14.5 Advantages and Limitations of Plane Table Survey

Level And Levelling

—–15.1 Object and Uses of Levelling
—–15.2 Terms Used in Levelling
—–15.3 Levelling Instruments
—–15.4 Levelling Staff
—–15.5 Methods of Levelling
—–15.6 Terms Used in Direct Method of Levelling
—–15.7 Temporary Adjustments of a Level
—–15.8 Types of Direct Levelling

Modern Tools of Surveying

—–16.1 Theodolite
—–16.2 Electromagnetic Distance Measuring Instruments
—–16.3 Total Station
—–16.4 Global Positioning System

UNIT – IV: Mapping and Sensing

Mapping And Contouring

—–17.1 Mapping
—–17.2 Contours
—–17.3 Methods of Contouring

Areas and Volumes

—–18.1 Computation of Areas from Field Notes
—–18.2 Computing Areas from Maps
—–18.3 Computation of Volumes

Remote Sensing and Its Applications

—–19.1 Remote sensing
—–19.2 Geographical Information System (GIS)


Disaster Resistant Buildings

—–20.1 Earthquakes Resistant Buildings
—–20.2 Types of Earthquakes
—–20.3 Terminology
—–20.4 Magnitude and Intensity
—–20.5 Seismograph
—–20.6 I.S: Codes on Earthquake Resistant Building Design
—–20.7 Improving Earthquake Resistance of Small Buildings
—–20.8 Improving Earthquake Resistance of Tall Buildings
—–20.9 Cyclone Resistant Buildings
—–20.10 Fire Resistant Building

Disaster Management and Planning

—–21.1 Disaster Prevention Strategy
—–21.2 Early Warning System
—–21.3 Disaster Preparedness
—–21.4 Disaster Mitigation
—–21.5 Disaster Rescue and Relief Measures
—–21.6 Disaster Resettlement, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction

Indian Standard Codes

—–22.1 IS Codes for Building Design
—–22.2 IS Codes for Building Materials and Construction