The portion above the ground level and below the ground floor level is known as plinth. The portion above the ground floor level is known as super structure. It includes walls, columns, beams, floors, roofs, doors, windows, lintels, staircases etc. In this chapter types of super structures based on the method of load transfer is first presented and then the various components are discussed giving their functions and types.
—–8.1 Types of Super Structures Based on the Method of Load Transfer
—–8.3 Stone Masonry
—–8.4 Brick Masonry
—–8.9 Doors and Windows