Fillers and Plasticizers

Fillers are commonly added, particularly to the thermosetting plastics, to alter their basic characteristics. For example, wood flour converts a hard, brittle resin, difficult to handle, into a cheaper, more easily molded material for general purposes. Asbestos fibers provide better heat resistance; mica gives better electrical properties;
and a variety of fibrous materials, such as chopped fibers, chopped fabric, and chopped tire cords, increase the strength and impact properties.
Plasticizers are added to many thermoplastics, primarily to transform hard and rigid materials into a variety of forms having varying degrees of softness, flexibility, and strength. In addition, dyes or pigments, stabilizers, and other products may be added.