Freezing and Thawing of Stone

In freezing and thawing tests of 89 different marbles (‘‘Physical and Chemical Tests of Commercial Marbles of U.S.,’’ U.S. National Bureau of Standards Technical Papers, No. 123, Vol. 12), after 30 cycles, 66 marbles showed loss of strength ranging from 1.2 to 62.1% and averaging 12.3% loss. The other 23 marbles showed increases in strength ranging from 0.5 to 43.9% and averaging 11.2% increase.
Weight change was also determined in this investigation to afford another index of durability. Of 86 possible comparisons after 30 cycles of freezing and thawing, 16 showed no change in weight, 64 showed decreases in weight ranging from 0.01 to 0.28% and averaging 0.04% loss, while 6 showed increases in weight ranging from 0.01 to 0.08% and averaging 0.04%.