Major Concerns with Building Codes

Contractors should have a working knowledge of a variety of building codes. In most cities and municipalities, there is a local building code. It also may be the same as the state code.
Local and state codes usually govern most of the construction activities of a contractor, in addition to the requirements of the plans and specifications. The contractor’s task of satisfying code regulations, however, is made more difficult because most building codes continually undergo significant changes. Consequently, contractors should be alert to such changes and have sources that provide them with information on the new regulations.
In addition, local and state building codes provide means for enforcing compliance of contractors with code requirements. Usually, such enforcement takes the form of inspections by building inspectors, affidavits by architects and engineers that construction has been performed consistent with the code, and submission of plans, specifications, and details to building officials for their approval before construction starts.
It is only after all code requirements have been complied with and all required approvals have been obtained that a contractor will receive a Certificate of Occupancy for a completed building. Before this, however, approval of the work may also have to be obtained from other local officials: Fire Department for sprinklers, fire alarms, and exit and elevator safety; Health Department for food-handling and kitchen equipment; Environmental Protection Agencies for boiler and incinerator emissions; Police Department for fire and sprinkler alarms.
See also Art. 1.10.