Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings

Disaster means occurrence of uncontrolled, painful and serious conditions. There are various natural disasters like:
Earthquakes
Volcanic eruptions
Cyclones
Fire
Landsliding
Tsunami (a long high sea wave generated by an earthquake)
Flood.
Earthquakes, cyclone and fire needs special considerations in building design and construction since they are more frequent, widespread and more disastrous. In this chapter this aspect of building design and constructions are discussed.

Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings IS Codes for Building Materials and Construction

The following is the list of some of the IS code giving requirements for building materials: IS 269–1989. Specification for ordinary portland cement. IS 455–1989. Specification for portland slag cement. IS 516–1959. Method of tests for strength of concrete. IS 1123–1975. Method of identification of natural building stones. IS 383–1970. Specifications for coarse and fine aggregates. IS 432–1982. Specification for

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Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings IS Codes for Building Design

The following codes help engineers to design buildings: 1. IS 456–2000. It is code of practice for the design of plain and reinforced concrete. It was first brought out in 1953. It was revised in 1957, 1984 and the latest revision is in the year 2000. It gives specifications or specifies the other codes for the requirement of various materials

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Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings Disaster Resettlement, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction

Disaster resettlement, rehabilitation and reconstruction means taking steps to mitigate the problems of victims after the disaster disappears. Victims need help and assistance to return to their homes after disaster period is over. They may be helped to build their damaged houses. If it is flood prone area, they may be provided sites at new settlement areas which are safe.

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Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings Disaster Rescue and Relief Measures

Disaster rescue and relief means taking steps to face the distress situation after the disaster has taken place. Volunteer groups, police force or military teams are organised to Rescue the people trapped. • Rendering first aid to wounded • Donating blood • Organizing clearing up so that normalcy returns. • Locating places where dead bodies can be kept until they

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Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings Disaster Mitigation

Disaster mitigation means minimizing the painfulness which occur due to disaster. After the disaster the people face the following problems: 1. Shelters are completely or partially damaged 2. Food is not available when required 3. Drinking water shortage is felt. 4. Diseases spread. 5. Communication systems are affected. To mitigate the misery of the affected people the following steps are

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Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings Disaster Preparedness

At all levels of civil administration committees are established and responsibilities and urgently required finance entrusted. At national level Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, a national disaster management division is established. It has prepared guidelines for disaster management. The national disaster management authority is responsible for • Providing necessary support and assistance to state Governments. • Coordinating and

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Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings Early Warning System

Space technology plays an important role in efficient mitigation of disaster. Indian Meteorological Department has developed a four stage warning system for a cyclone. The system works on the observation of development of low pressures in ocean 48 hours prior to the time of expected cyclone to hit land the alert warning is given. 24 hours prior to the anticipated

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Category: Disaster Resistant Buildings Disaster Prevention Strategy

Construction of dams can prevent flood havoc. Identify the rivers and construct dams to regulate flow of water during heavy rainfalls. Floods in many areas like Punjab, Ganges plateau, Assam and Bengal have been controlled to a great extent. Spreading the awareness of building earthquake, cyclone and fire resistant structures can prevent disasters. Major and minor irrigation projects aim at

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