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Posts published in “Foundations”

The definition and functions of foundation have been given in chapter 6. In this chapter broad guidelines for fixing the dimensions of foundation are given and different types of foundations are explained.

Pile Foundations

These foundations are known as deep foundations. A pile is a slender column made of wood, concrete or steel. A pile is either driven into…

Arch Foundation

Inverted arch foundations are provided in the places where the SBC of the soil is very poor and the load of the structure is through walls.…

Grillage Footing

High rise buildings are built with steel columns encased in concrete. Such columns carry very heavy load and hence they need special foundations to spread…

R.C.C. Footings

There are mainly two types of R.C.C. footings: 1. One way reinforced footings. 2. Two way reinforced footings. 1. One Way Reinforced Footing: These footings…

Dimensions of Foundation

Guidelines for minimum dimensions are given below: (a) Depth of Foundation: For all types of foundations minimum depth required is calculated using Rankine’s Formula: where p…