Tag Archive for Tag: ellipses

Tag: ellipses Adjustment of observations

10.1 Introduction The term ‘adjustment’ suggests that some form of cheating might take place during the process of converting surveying observations into results. This is not necessarily the case. As explained in Chapter 2, surveying observations always have two particular properties: 1 they contain errors (random, systematic and the occasional gross error); 2 the system of observations should always be

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