Tag Archive for Tag: walls

Tag: walls Lateral Support for Masonry Walls

For unreinforced solid or grouted masonry bearing walls, the ratio of unsupported height to nominal thickness, or the ratio of unsupported length to nominal thickness, should not exceed 20. For hollow walls or walls of hollow masonry units, the ratio should be 18 or less. For cavity or stone walls, the ratio should not exceed 14. See ‘‘ANSI Standard Building Code Requirements for Masonry,’’

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Tag: walls Fire Resistant Building

It is reported that in USA fire kills more people each year than all other natural disasters combined including floors, cyclones and earthquake. The fire load in a building should be kept to the minimum possible. The term fire load indicates the amount of heat liberated in kilo joules per square metre (kJ/m2) of floor area of any compartment by

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Tag: walls Cost Effective Construction Techniques

Extensive research and development works have been taken place at various research centres to use local materials, waste materials and prefabricated structural components to reduce the cost of construction. Some of the improved cost effective technology are listed below: 1. Foundation: Under reamed piles for foundations have been developed for housing in black cotton soil area. 2. Damp Proof Courses:

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Tag: walls Walls

Walls are built to partition living area into different parts. They impart privacy and protection against temperature, rain and theft. Walls may be classified as 1. Load bearing walls 2. Partition walls 1. Load Bearing Walls: If beams and columns are not used, load from roof and floors are transferred to foundation by walls. Such walls are called load bearing walls.

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Tag: walls Types of Cement

In addition to ordinary portland cement there are many varieties of cement. Important varieties are briefly explained below: (i) White Cement The cement when made free from colouring oxides of iron, maganese and chlorium results into white cement. In the manufacture of this cement, the oil fuel is used instead of coal for burning. White cement is used for the

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